Coins & Tokens

What is Monad?


In the ever-evolving landscape of blockchain technology, Monad emerges as a high-performance Ethereum-compatible Layer-1 (L1) blockchain. The driving force behind Monad is its commitment to pushing the boundaries of decentralization and scalability. Through meticulous optimizations, Monad achieves an impressive throughput of 10,000 transactions per second (tps), significantly enhancing the efficiency of blockchain operations.

Monad's Enhancements

Monad's improvements are strategically targeted at four major areas, eliminating existing bottlenecks while ensuring seamless compatibility for both application developers and users. This compatibility extends to applications, developer tooling, wallets, and analytics/indexing, maintaining harmony with the Ethereum ecosystem.

Monad for Users

For end-users, Monad offers the best of both worlds—portability and performance. With full bytecode compatibility for the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and Ethereum RPC compatibility, Monad allows applications built for Ethereum to seamlessly transition. The blockchain boasts an impressive throughput of 10,000 tps, 1-second block times, and 1-second finality, promising a more scalable and cost-effective user experience.

What's Familiar About Monad?

From a user's perspective, Monad mirrors the Ethereum experience closely. Users can employ the same wallets and block explorers, ensuring a smooth transition. Applications built for Ethereum can be effortlessly ported to Monad without any code changes, providing users with a sense of continuity in their blockchain interactions.

What's Different About Monad?

Monad's exceptional performance is rooted in innovations like parallel execution and superscalar pipelining introduced to the Ethereum Virtual Machine. Parallel execution optimizes multiple cores and threads, while pipelining strategically divides work into stages executed simultaneously, enhancing efficiency. These optimizations address bottlenecks in state storage, transaction processing, and distributed consensus, setting Monad apart from traditional blockchain architectures.

Why Should I Care?

Decentralized applications (dApps) bring numerous advantages, including open APIs, transparency, censorship resistance, and global reach. However, the impact of dApps relies heavily on the underlying infrastructure. Monad addresses this need by significantly improving performance, making it a promising platform for the widespread adoption of decentralized services.

How do I use Monad?

While Monad's first public testnet is eagerly awaited in the coming months, users can anticipate a familiar experience. Adding an appropriate RPC URL and ChainId to standard Ethereum-compatible wallets will enable users to seamlessly interact with Monad, opening up new possibilities in the decentralized world.

Monad for Developers

Monad offers developers a high-performance Ethereum-compatible L1 blockchain with noteworthy features. Through meticulous implementation of the Ethereum Virtual Machine and innovations like pipelined HotStuff consensus, Monad achieves superior throughput without compromising on the fundamental principles of blockchain.

Transaction Format and Compatibility

Monad adheres to Ethereum's transaction format and address space, ensuring compatibility with existing standards. The blockchain supports EVM bytecode, making it bytecode-equivalent to Ethereum and compatible with standard Ethereum wallets like MetaMask.

Consensus Mechanism and Pipelining

Utilizing a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism with pipelining, Monad strikes a balance between decentralization and efficiency. The leader-based algorithm, derived from HotStuff with additional research improvements, ensures agreement on transaction order and inclusion under varying conditions.

In conclusion, Monad emerges as a beacon of innovation in the blockchain space, offering users and developers alike the promise of improved performance without sacrificing compatibility. As the first public testnet approaches, the community eagerly anticipates exploring the potential of Monad and its impact on the future of decentralized applications.

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